CentOS下编译安装PHP5.2.17和ZendOptimizer3.3.9

2016年9月8日 建站技术 浏览 1,445 抢沙发 A+

CentOS下编译安装PHP5.2.17和ZendOptimizer3.3.9

由于某些程序不支持php5.2以上的版本,需要安装低版本的PHP和Zend。公司的系统为阿里云的CentOS 6.5 64位版,不能使用yum安装,只能编译安装。我装的是php5.2.17,同时装上了ZendOptimizer3.3.9。安装过程中需要用到的软件在文章末尾,大家自行下载即可。下面就来看下具体步骤:

第一步:安装系统环境需要的软件

yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5-libs krb5-devel krb5-server libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

第二步:编译安装PHP-5.2.17所需要的库

tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make && make install
cd
tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make && make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make && make install
cd
tar jxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2
cd mhash-0.9.9.9
./configure
make && make install
echo "/usr/local/lib" >>/etc/ld.so.conf
/sbin/ldconfig
cd
tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make && make install

注:这里用到的软件都已经下载放到了root里面,下同。

第三步:编译安装PHP-5.2.17(FastCGI)

mkdir -p /usr/rocal/php-5.2.17
tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1
cd php-5.2.17
patch -p1 < ../php-5.2.17-max-input-vars.patch
sed -i "s/\!png_check_sig (sig, 8)/png_sig_cmp (sig, 0, 8)/" ext/gd/libgd/gd_png.c
cd php-5.2.17
ln -s /usr/lib64/libjpeg.so /usr/lib/libjpeg.so
ln -s /usr/lib64/libpng.so /usr/lib/libpng.so
cp -frp /usr/lib64/libldap* /usr/lib/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php-5.2.17 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc --with-mysql=/var/lib/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/lib64/mysql/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
cd

第四步:编译安装PHP5扩展模块

tar zxvf memcache-2.2.6.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.6/
/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/php-config
make && make install
cd
tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/php-config --without-eaccelerator-use-inode
make && make install
cd
tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2
/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/var/lib/mysql
make && make install
cd
tar zxvf ImageMagick-6.7.0-8.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.7.0-8
./configure
make && make install
cd
tar zxvf imagick-3.0.1.tgz
cd imagick-3.0.1
/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/php-config
make && make install
cd

第五步:修改php.ini文件

sed -i "s/output_buffering = Off/output_buffering = On/" /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s/extension_dir =/; extension_dir =/" /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s/; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/" /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's%;open_basedir =%open_basedir ="/tmp/:/data/www/"%' /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s/disable_functions =/disable_functions = popen,pentl_exec,passthru,exec,system,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,pfsockopen,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,show_source,escapeshellcmd,escapeshellarg,curl_exec,curl_multi_exec,parse_ini_file,assert/" /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s/expose_php = On/expose_php = Off/" /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s/display_errors = On/display_errors = Off/" /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s/log_errors = Off/log_errors = On/" /usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini

第六步:创建并配置php-fpm.conf文件

vim /usr/local/php-5.2.17/php-fpm.conf

配置如下:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>   
<configuration>   
  All relative paths in this config are relative to php's install prefix   
  <section name="global_options">   
    Pid file   
    <value name="pid_file">/usr/local/php-5.2.17/logs/php-fpm.pid</value>   
    Error log file   
    <value name="error_log">/usr/local/php-5.2.17/logs/php-fpm.log</value>   
    Log level   
    <value name="log_level">notice</value>   
    When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS ...   
    <value name="emergency_restart_threshold">10</value>   
    ... in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated.   
    Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator's shared memory.   
    <value name="emergency_restart_interval">1m</value>   
    Time limit on waiting child's reaction on signals from master   
    <value name="process_control_timeout">5s</value>   
    Set to 'no' to debug fpm   
    <value name="daemonize">yes</value>   
  </section>   
  <workers>   
    <section name="pool">   
      Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.   
      <value name="name">default</value>   
      Address to accept fastcgi requests on.   
      Valid syntax is 'ip.ad.re.ss:port' or just 'port' or '/path/to/unix/socket'   
      <value name="listen_address">127.0.0.1:9000</value>   
      <value name="listen_options">   
        Set listen(2) backlog   
        <value name="backlog">-1</value>   
        Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.   
        In linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server.   
        Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.   
        <value name="owner"></value>   
        <value name="group"></value>   
        <value name="mode">0666</value>   
      </value>   
      Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.   
      <value name="php_defines">   
        <value name="sendmail_path">/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i</value>   
        <value name="display_errors">1</value>   
      </value>   
      Unix user of processes   
      <value name="user">www</value>   
      Unix group of processes   
      <value name="group">www</value>   
      Process manager settings   
      <value name="pm">   
        Sets style of controling worker process count.   
        Valid values are 'static' and 'apache-like'   
        <value name="style">static</value>   
        Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served.   
        Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.   
        Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi   
        Used with any pm_style.   
        <value name="max_children">8</value>   
        Settings group for 'apache-like' pm style   
        <value name="apache_like">   
          Sets the number of server processes created on startup.   
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected   
          <value name="StartServers">20</value>   
          Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.   
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected   
          <value name="MinSpareServers">5</value>   
          Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.   
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected   
          <value name="MaxSpareServers">35</value>   
        </value>   
      </value>   
      The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated   
      Should be used when 'max_execution_time' ini option does not stop script execution for some reason   
      '0s' means 'off'   
      <value name="request_terminate_timeout">0s</value>   
      The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file   
      '0s' means 'off'   
      <value name="request_slowlog_timeout">0s</value>   
      The log file for slow requests   
      <value name="slowlog">logs/slow.log</value>   
      Set open file desc rlimit   
      <value name="rlimit_files">65535</value>   
      Set max core size rlimit   
      <value name="rlimit_core">0</value>   
      Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path   
      <value name="chroot"></value>   
      Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path   
      <value name="chdir"></value>   
      Redirect workers' stdout and stderr into main error log.   
      If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs   
      <value name="catch_workers_output">yes</value>   
      How much requests each process should execute before respawn.   
      Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.   
      For endless request processing please specify 0   
      Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS   
      <value name="max_requests">1024</value>   
      Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect.   
      Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+)   
      Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.   
      <value name="allowed_clients">127.0.0.1</value>   
      Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH   
      <value name="environment">   
        <value name="PATH">/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin</value>   
        <value name="TMP">/tmp</value>   
        <value name="TMPDIR">/tmp</value>   
        <value name="TEMP">/tmp</value>   
        <value name="OSTYPE">$OSTYPE</value>   
        <value name="MACHTYPE">$MACHTYPE</value>   
        <value name="MALLOC_CHECK_">2</value>   
      </value>   
    </section>   
  </workers>   
</configuration>

创建www用户及启动php-fpm并加入启动脚本

/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /var/www
chown -R www:www /var/www/html
chmod +w /var/www/html
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/php-5.2.17/sbin/php-fpm start
echo "ulimit -SHn 65535" >> /etc/rc.local
echo "/usr/local/php-5.2.17/sbin/php-fpm start" >> /etc/rc.local

注:这里的/var/www/html是我网站的目录,你们可以根据自己的情况修改。

第七步:安装ZendOptimizer 3.3.9

解压ZendOptimizer 3.3.9,并复制ZendOptimizer.so到/usr/local/Zend/lib/

tar -zxvf ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz
cd ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64
cd data/5_2_x_comp
mkdir -p /usr/local/Zend/lib
cp ZendOptimizer.so /usr/local/Zend/lib/
cd data/5_2_x_comp/
mkdir -p /usr/local/Zend/lib
cp ZendOptimizer.so /usr/local/Zend/lib/

注:/usr/local/Zend/lib/这个目录可以自定义。

在/usr/local/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini文件尾部添加

[Zend]
zend_optimizer.optimization_level=1023
zend_optimizer.encoder_loader=1
zend_extension=/usr/local/Zend/lib/ZendOptimizer.so

第八步:安装完成

重新启动PHP-5.2.17和Nginx,并查看安装结果

/usr/local/php-5.2.17/sbin/php-fpm restart
service nginx restart
/usr/local/php-5.2.17/bin/php -v

结果如下:

PHP 5.2.17p1 (cli) (built: Sep  7 2016 15:11:29) 
Copyright (c) 1997-2010 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2010 Zend Technologies
with Zend Optimizer v3.3.9, Copyright (c) 1998-2009, by Zend Technologies

编译php-5.2.17所用到的文件下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1hrLA4gW

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